Key Performance Indicators
We provide secure confinement, reformative programs, and a process of supervised community reintegration to enhance the safety of our communities. AS 44.28.020
Key Performance Indicators
Includes resources for: Administration and Support, Correctional Academy, Probation and Parole Director’s Office, Statewide Probation and Parole, Electronic Monitoring, Community Residential Centers, and the Parole Board.
- Target: Increase the percent of probationers and parolees who satisfy their court ordered conditions of release.
Includes resources for: Administration and Support, Education and Vocational Education Programs, Domestic Violence Program, Substance Abuse Treatment, Sex Offender Management Programs, Faith-Based Services, and Behavioral Health Care.
- Target: Increase the number of individuals who complete an institutional or community-based substance abuse treatment program.
- Target: Increase the number of offenders who receive a General Education Development (GED) diploma while incarcerated.
- Target: Increase the number of sex offender probationers who complete both a sex offender management program and who receive polygraph testing while on probation.
|1: Secure Confinement|
Target #1: Maintain zero prison escapes.
Escape 1 and 2 Convictions Where the Offender was Located at a Correctional Facility Prior to Escaping
The counts provided are for those offenders convicted of escaping from a Department of Corrections facility and may not be reflective of the actual year the escape occurred. If an offender has not been convicted of escape the offender is not counted in the data.
- Two inmates briefly escaped from Yukon Kuskokwim Correctional Center in 2017 but were not convicted until 2018.
- An Incident occurred at Pt. Mackenzie Correctional Farm, the case is still pending at the time of this publication.
- An inmate was in the legal custody of his lawyer when he failed to return to the prison. While this is technically an escape, he was not in the custody of DOC at the time.
|2: Supervised Release|
Target #1: Increase the percent of probationers and parolees who satisfy their court ordered conditions of release.
Percentage of Probationers and Parolees Who Successfully Satisfy Court Ordered Conditions of Release
There has been a decrease in successful discharges during FY2020 due to an increase in the percentage of high risk people on probation/parole. Conversely, there has also been an decrease in the percentage of low risk people on probation/parole. With a higher concentration of high risk caseloads, the likelihood of successful completions decreases.
Additionally, there has been significant changes in the amount of Earned Compliance Credits (ECC) being awarded. Starting in 2019, ECC was changed to "10 days for every 30 days of compliance" from the original credit of "30 days for every 30 days of compliance" and has resulted in probationers/parolees staying on probation/parole longer increasing the likelihood of violations. Additionally, those who have been convicted of an unclassified offense, sex offense, a felony against a person (11.41 crime), or a specific DV offense are not eligible for the ECC program.
Proactively supervising probationers and parolees will enhance their successful re-entry in their community; increasing the number of successful discharges. Proactive supervision targets proven supervision methods that are known to decrease the likelihood of failure in the community or causing future harm through assessing risk to reoffend, employing motivational interviewing techniques and tailoring supervision strategies to address criminogenic needs (i.e., housing, treatment, criminal attitudes, pro-social activities, etc.). However, identifying available or limited community resources for probationers and parolees create significant challenges in areas such as housing, employment, substance abuse treatment, mental health counseling, etc.
Target #2: Reduce criminal recidivism.
Offenders Returning to Incarceration Within 3 Years of Release
The department continues its efforts for successful prisoner re-entry in order to reduce criminal recidivism and will report new information accordingly.
|3: Reformative Programs|
Target #1: Increase the number of individuals who complete an institutional or community-based substance abuse treatment program.
Number of Offenders Completing an Institutional or Community-Based Substance Abuse Treatment Program
A substance use disorder assessment is the basis for all care offered to offenders within the Alaska Department of Corrections (ADOC). Offenders receive a substance use disorder assessment to assess their addiction related issues and determine the most appropriate level of care and intensity of service to best address their needs. Each assessment includes the nature and extent of an offender's drug problems; establishes whether problems exist in other areas that may affect recovery, helps form an appropriate treatment plan; and uses American Society of Addictions Medicine (ASAM) criteria and DSM 5 to determine the level of care placement.
In FY2019, ADOC implemented a treatment model that uses a combination of department employees, contractors and local community providers to provide assessments at Anchorage Correctional, Anvil Mountain Correctional (Nome), Goose Creek Correctional (Wasilla), Hiland Mountain Correctional (Eagle River), Wildwood Correctional (Kenai), Spring Creek Correctional (Seward), Fairbanks Correctional, Lemon Creek Correctional (Juneau), Yukon Kuskokwim Correctional (Bethel) and Ketchikan Correctional Center (Ketchikan). In FY20, this resulted a 12 percent increase in offenders receiving treatment, however, access to treatment was significantly impacted when ADOC shut down groups and contractor access to the facilities due to COVID-19.
During FY2020, Medication Assisted Treatment- Reentry (MATR) services continued at Anchorage Correctional Complex (Anchorage), Hiland Mountain Correctional (Eagle River), Fairbanks Correctional Center (Fairbanks), Goose Creek Correctional Center (Wasilla), Wildwood Correctional Center (Kenai) and Anvil Mountain Correctional Center (Nome). The department allows open access to this program to both sentenced and un-sentenced offenders and expanded services to include bridging of MATR services for up to 30 days after remand.
Medications Assisted Treatment interventions and treatment options the department offers include:
- Screening of all offenders entering a Department of Corrections facility for an Opioid Use Disorder (OUD).
- Substance Use Disorders (SUD) assessments as needed to further determine seriousness of OUD needs.
- Methadone and buprenorphine bridging for up to 30 days for offenders remanded with a verified community prescription with tapering off medications starting after the initial 30 days.
- Continuation of MATR for pregnant offenders as long as therapeutically necessary to ensure the overall health of the mother and child.
- Offenders are provided resources both while incarcerated and when returning to the community to include education, counseling, help with housing, connection to benefits and other associated needs.
- Extended release naltrexone is available to offenders meeting criteria, prior to releasing back into the community.
- Offenders releasing back into the community are offered a Narcan Rescue Kit to help in the event they or someone they know experiences an overdose due to the use of opiates.
In FY2020 the program provided services to 332 offenders. This include services for 38 offenders prescribed Vivitrol, 158 offenders prescribed Suboxone and 136 individuals prescribed Methadone. In addition to the Vivitrol programs, the department continued its Methadone bridging services with three Opioid Treatment Programs in the Anchorage bowl and Matanuska-Susitna Valley and added providers in Fairbanks and Nome. These services provide bridging of Methadone for up to 30 days to minimize any break in treatment for those individuals incarcerated for short periods of time. These services are available at Anchorage Correctional Complex (Anchorage), Anvil Mountain Correctional Center (Nome), Hiland Mountain Correctional (Eagle River), Matsu Pre-Trial (Palmer), Goose Creek Correctional Center (Wasilla) and Fairbanks Correctional Center (Fairbanks). In FY2021 the department plans to expand these services to Lemon Creek Correctional Center (Juneau), Wildwood Correctional Center (Kenai) and Ketchikan Correctional Center (Ketchikan).
Intensive Outpatient Substance Abuse Treatment (IOPSAT) Level 2.1:
IOPSAT provides a planned regimen of treatment, consisting of regularly scheduled sessions within a structured program that uses evidenced based interventions. Within the AKDOC, IOPSATs are about 15 weeks long and individuals are provided 15 hours of group per week plus individual sessions. The female IOPSAT program uses gender specific curriculum, Criminal Conduct and Substance Abuse Treatment. The male program uses New Directions and Living in Balance.
In FY2020 IOPSAT services were provided by contract staff. IOPSAT is provided at Goose Creek Correctional (Wasilla), Fairbanks Correctional Center (Fairbanks), Anvil Mountain Correctional Center (Nome) and Hiland Mountain Correctional (Eagle River). In addition to facility-based services, the department also offers community based IOP services in Anchorage and Fairbanks communities.
Institutional Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) Level 3.5:
Residential treatment services use a modified therapeutic community (MTC) model of treatment. MTC's use a combination of counseling, group therapy, and peer activities to promote multi-dimensional change of the whole person including drug abstinence, elimination of antisocial behavior, and the development of prosocial behavior, attitudes and values. Studies find that MTC participants show improvements in substance use, criminal behavior and mental health symptoms. Additionally, they provide a cost-effective way to decrease substance use and improve public safety.
ADOC has focused on providing two RSATs, one male program and one female program. The treatment programs use New Directions and Living in Balance for their curriculum. The female program adds the Moving On curriculum to assist in addressing gender specific treatment issues. Both male and female RSATs are about six months long and require 25 hours of group per week plus individual sessions.
In FY2020 RSAT services were provided at Hiland Mountain Correctional (Eagle River) and Wildwood Correctional center (Kenai) by contract providers. In FY21 additional RSAT treatment beds will be added to Goose Creek Correctional Center.
In FY2021 ADOC will also be adding a Substance Abuse Re-Entry Coordination (SARC) focused on aiding those individuals struggling with addiction assistance in getting connected to community treatment resources and reintegrating back into the community.
Target #2: Increase the number of offenders who receive a General Education Development (GED) diploma while incarcerated.
Number of Offenders Who Receive General Education Development While Incarcerated
The institutions have Education Coordinators on staff who are provided with the necessary materials to assist offenders with instruction and preparation to complete the GED computer testing process. Offenders have the opportunity to obtain a GED diploma; however, in most cases this program is voluntary, and some offenders choose not to participate. Some who do participate may have insufficient time to serve to complete all four tests. These situations impact offender participation while incarcerated.
For FY2020, the Department of Corrections in partnership with the Department of Education and Early Development (DEED), used a Carl Perkins Grant to purchase and install on inmate computers two additional GED training programs for learners. The software "Essential Education" and "Teknimedia" assist individuals with GED preparation and reinforce computer skills needed to pass the Pearson Vue GED test administered on a standalone internal network. Offenders participating in the GED program must attend computer lab training and must meet the benchmark typing skill of 40 words a minute prior to testing
In addition, the department increased the administration of GED Ready Tests to enhance the offenders' familiarization with the seven types of testing questions:
1. Extended response
4. Fill in the Blank
5. Hot Spot
6. Multiple Choices
7. Short Answer
With the two new training programs and an increase in Ready Tests, the department expects to increase the number of GED Diplomas earned by inmates in FY2021.
Target #3: Increase the number of sex offender probationers who complete both a sex offender management program and who receive polygraph testing while on probation.
Number of Polygraphed Sex Offender Probationers
In addition to conducting polygraphs on community-based sex offenders, the department's Sex Offender Management Programs was able to provide treatment to 468 offenders statewide in community and institutional based sex offender treatment programming. Sex Offender Treatment Programs utilize cognitive behavioral treatment interventions to address deviant sexual and antisocial behaviors while seeking to increase prosocial behaviors in sex offenders. The programming is based on the risk, needs and responsivity model. Cognitive behavioral treatment models paired with the Containment model have proven to be the most effective tools in managing the sex offender population.
Sex offender treatment continues to be a specialized field that is often difficult to recruit providers. In FY2020 the department lost a treatment provider and has been actively seeking treatment providers to increase services available to meet the demands of this population. Sex offender treatment programs are available at Anvil Mountain Correctional Center, Wildwood Correctional Center, Hiland Mountain Correctional Center and Lemon Creek Correctional Center.
In FY2021 the Department expects the availability of treatment offered within the institutions to increase based on the increased experience of new treatment providers and their willingness to expand services within the department's facilities. The department currently has community-based treatment services in Fairbanks, Nome, Kenia, Anchorage and Bethel.
Current as of October 29, 2020